- 2 hr 8 min
Nirmala is a 1938 Indian film directed by Franz Osten and produced by Bombay Talkies. The film stars Devika Rani, Ashok Kumar, and Maya Devi in lead roles. The film is based on the novel of the same name by Premchand, and the story deals with social inequality and the plight of women in patriarchal Indian society. The story revolves around a young woman named Nirmala, who is forced into marriage with a wealthy but abusive man named Balraj. Nirmala's life becomes a living hell, as she struggles to adapt to her new situation and deal with her cruel husband. Balraj is portrayed as a typical Indian patriarch, who sees women as nothing more than objects to be owned and controlled. He treats Nirmala as a slave, and she is not allowed to leave the house or meet anyone outside without his permission.
Nirmala's only source of solace is her brother-in-law, a young doctor named Rajan. Rajan is kind and gentle, and he helps Nirmala to escape from Balraj's clutches. The two fall in love, much to the disapproval of society, as Rajan is already engaged to be married to another woman. Nirmala is torn between her love for Rajan and her duty and loyalty to her family.
The film deals with many social issues that were prevalent in Indian society at the time, such as women's rights, child marriage, dowry, and social inequality. The film portrays Nirmala as a brave and resilient woman who fights against the injustices of society. Devika Rani delivers a powerful performance as Nirmala, and her portrayal of a woman trying to break free from the shackles of patriarchal society is truly inspiring.
The film's cinematography is also noteworthy, as it beautifully captures the rural landscapes of India. The film's soundtrack, composed by Timir Baran and Saraswati Devi, features haunting melodies that perfectly complement the film's themes and mood.
Overall, Nirmala is a powerful and thought-provoking film that deals with issues that are still relevant today. It is a must-watch for anyone interested in Indian cinema and the struggle of women in patriarchal societies. The film's message of hope and resilience is inspiring and uplifting, making it a classic of Indian cinema.