Lost Worlds of South America

Watch Lost Worlds of South America

  • 2012
  • 1 Season

Lost Worlds of South America is an educational lecture DVD series that was taught by Professor Edwin Barnhart. It is a 4-disc series that was produced in 2012. It is an archaeological, historical and geographic series that explores such historical facts and subjects such as South America's earliest people, the first cities of Peru and the Inca culture and civilization.

Lost Worlds of South America
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Seasons
Remnants of the Past-Andean Culture Today
24. Remnants of the Past-Andean Culture Today
November 20, 2012
The Andean civilizations have left a remarkable legacy in the modern world. Investigate the many ways in which contemporary peoples in South America maintain ancient ways of life, seen in agriculture, community organization, traditional lifestyles, and astronomical and religious observances, and contemplate what these practices mean in our own time.
Spanish Contact-Pizarro Conquers the Inca
23. Spanish Contact-Pizarro Conquers the Inca
November 20, 2012
In one of history's most unusual incidents, the Inca empire was defeated by a Spanish force of 168 men. Study the events surrounding the capture and demise of Atahualpa--the last true Inca ruler--the destructive conquest by Francisco Pizarro, and the following struggle within the empire against Spanish rule.
Machu Picchu and the Sacred Valley
22. Machu Picchu and the Sacred Valley
November 20, 2012
The mountainside complex of Machu Picchu was a royal estate of Pachacuti, the 9th Inca. Walk the site, entering at the Sun Gate, and explore the causeways, terraces, and many rooms of undetermined function. Study the solar-aligned Torreon and other astronomical structures of the site, and their significance in Inca cosmology.
The Khipu-Language Hidden in Knots
21. The Khipu-Language Hidden in Knots
November 20, 2012
The Inca used a complex system of records encoded on knotted strings. Study what is known of the khipu, starting with Spanish accounts of their use and the "khipucamayuq" who recorded and read them. Learn how numbers were encoded, and review evidence suggesting that the khipu may contain a form of writing.
The Inca-Gifts of the Empire
20. The Inca-Gifts of the Empire
November 20, 2012
As a glimpse into how the empire functioned so effectively, learn about the Mit'a, a system of labor taxation, noting the services subjects provided to the empire and how they benefited in return. Grasp the Inca's ingenious technology of road building, suspension bridges, and freeze-drying vegetables, and how they eliminated hunger.
The Inca-From Raiders to Empire
19. The Inca-From Raiders to Empire
November 20, 2012
In charting the rise of Inca civilization, follow the pivotal reign of Pachacuti, the 9th Inca, whose vision to unify the Andes led to large-scale conquest. Learn how his heir, Tupac, doubled the imperial territories, and how the empire was ultimately torn apart by civil war and disease.
Cuzco and the Tawantinsuyu Empire
18. Cuzco and the Tawantinsuyu Empire
November 20, 2012
The city of Cuzco stands as the supreme achievement in architecture and aesthetics of pre-Columbian South America. Study the city's astounding features, such as its hydraulic engineering, anti-seismic construction, and its perfectly fitting stonework that defies explanation. Learn also about the culture of ancestral mummies, the golden Coricancha temple, and other architectural marvels.
The Inca Origins-Mythology v. Archaeology
17. The Inca Origins-Mythology v. Archaeology
November 20, 2012
Begin your study of the great Inca civilization by tracing the culture's origin myth, featuring a creator deity who made the cosmos and charged the Inca to found a kingdom in a fertile valley. Compare the mythology with archaeological evidence that suggests that the myths were based in part on historical truths.
The Sican-Goldsmiths of the Northern Coast
16. The Sican-Goldsmiths of the Northern Coast
November 20, 2012
Contrasting with the Chimú, Sican civilization comprised a confederation of equal and independent city-states. Study the apparent Moche influence in Sican pyramid building, elaborate burial styles, and extensive human sacrifice. Observe the unique qualities of Sican art in the mastery of metallurgy and stunning ritual objects in ceramic, gold, and copper.
The Chimú--Empire of the Northern Coast
15. The Chimú--Empire of the Northern Coast
November 20, 2012
This lecture introduces a culture of warrior kings who became conquerors, second in influence only to the Inca. Learn about the Chimú's extraordinary royal citadels, urban organization, and intervalley irrigation technology. Investigate their subjugation of neighboring cultures, their imperial administration centers, and what may have motivated their conquest.
The Wari-Foundations of the Inca Empire?
14. The Wari-Foundations of the Inca Empire?
November 20, 2012
Here, track the remarkable innovations of the Wari culture, highlighting its walled cities, paved road systems, large-scale livestock herding, and ingenious form of terraced agriculture. Examine the evidence of satellite communities of the Wari and the question of whether Wari expansion constituted empire building or a more benign diffusion of culture.
The Amazon-Civilization Lost in the Jungle
13. The Amazon-Civilization Lost in the Jungle
November 20, 2012
Recent discoveries indicate the presence of massive ancient civilizations in the Amazon. Survey the evidence, starting with the Beni region's elaborate systems of mounds, causeways, and canals. Continue with the Peruvian and Brazilian Amazon, noting wide areas of human-enriched soil, towns ringed by moats, geoglyphs, and pottery dating to 6000 B.C.
Enigmatic Tiwanaku by Lake Titicaca
12. Enigmatic Tiwanaku by Lake Titicaca
November 20, 2012
Lake Titicaca is the site of one of South America's most impressive civilizations. Discover the huge urban complex of Tiwanaku and its cultural connections to Chavín de Huantar. Explore Tiwanaku's mysterious architecture and its "raised field" agriculture, an engineering feat that allowed for the support of a large population.
The Moche-Drugs, Sex, Music, and Puppies
11. The Moche-Drugs, Sex, Music, and Puppies
November 20, 2012
This lecture investigates the dramatic iconography seen on Moche ceramics. First, learn about the complex rituals and practices of modern South American shamanism. Then study images on Moche pottery usually interpreted as depicting victory in war, and indications that they actually describe an elaborate culture of shamanic healing.
The Moche-Richest Tombs in the New World
10. The Moche-Richest Tombs in the New World
November 20, 2012
The Moche tombs offer compelling evidence of the culture's social structure and cosmology. Investigate the sumptuous contents of the three principal tombs of Sipan--the enigmatic buried figures and dazzling costumes, jewelry, and surrounding objects. Contemplate who these buried people might have been, with relation to imagery in Moche art.
The Moche-Pyramids, Gold, and Warriors
9. The Moche-Pyramids, Gold, and Warriors
November 20, 2012
In the first of three lectures on the Andean Moche culture, chart this civilization's outstanding features. Discover the immense pyramids, adorned with brilliant color murals, road systems, and sophisticated art. Examine the evidence of extensive warfare, both in the art and in excavated weaponry and sacrificial victims.
The Nazca Lines and Underground Channels
8. The Nazca Lines and Underground Channels
November 20, 2012
The Nazca are yet another South American people of striking accomplishments. Learn about their remarkable irrigation system of underground aquifers, aqueducts, and wells, and their fine polychrome pottery and textiles. Penetrate the mystery of the "Nazca Lines," massive geoglyphs scratched into the earth, which may be the result of ritual pilgrimage.
Paracas-Mummies, Shamans, and Severed Heads
7. Paracas-Mummies, Shamans, and Severed Heads
November 20, 2012
Investigate the fascinating Paracas tombs of the 1st millennium B.C., which contain richly adorned mummies, and grasp the significance of mummification. Study the elaborate iconography of Paracas textiles, the meaning of the supernatural beings they depict, and the practice of head hunting as a means to control the spirits of the dead.
Cupisnique to Salinar-Elite Rulers and War
6. Cupisnique to Salinar-Elite Rulers and War
November 20, 2012
With the waning of Chavín's culture, striking new elements appear in the region's archaeological record. Here, encounter the Salinar culture, a new settlement pattern showing no ceremonial architecture and the first "elite" housing. Examine the evidence of defensive citadels and what may have triggered warfare and emerging social hierarchy.
Chavin and the Rise of Religious Authority
5. Chavin and the Rise of Religious Authority
November 20, 2012
The Peruvian site of Chavín marks the emergence of religion as the focus of public art. Study Chavín's distinctive architecture, with images of its characteristic "fanged deity." Learn about later religious iconography and artifacts at Chavín suggesting that it was the center of a cult that spread to other sites in the region.
Ceramics, Textiles, and Organized States
4. Ceramics, Textiles, and Organized States
November 20, 2012
Observe pivotal changes in northern Peruvian societies in 1800-900 B.C., such as the architectural styles of the southern and northern valleys, which indicate the rise of a state identity. Note the area's earliest evidence of metallurgy and weaving, and stone sculptures reflecting the first warlike violence seen in South America.
South America's First People
3. South America's First People
November 20, 2012
The earliest evidence of humans in the Americas comes not from North America, but from Chile. Investigate the important Monte Verde site and its view into everyday life 15,000 years ago. Learn also about "Quilcas" cave art, the astonishing Chinchorro mummies--predating Egypt's-- and evidence of early agriculture and trade at Huaca Prieta.
Discovering Peru's Earliest Cities
2. Discovering Peru's Earliest Cities
November 20, 2012
The first cities in the Americas date to 3000 B.C. Investigate the means of subsistence of coastal and inland valley cities, and evidence for trade in marine and agricultural products. Learn about the sites of Kotosh, El Paraiso, and Caral and their striking features of architecture, including plazas, pyramids, and solar observatories.
South America's Lost Cradle of Civilization
1. South America's Lost Cradle of Civilization
November 20, 2012
Consider the remarkable evidence for South America as one of the true wellsprings of human civilization. Grasp the diversity of early South American cultures, from the Andean civilizations to the desert and Amazon regions; what these cultures shared; and their extraordinary innovations in agriculture, architecture, handcrafts, social organization, and religion.
Description

Lost Worlds of South America is an educational lecture DVD series that was taught by Professor Edwin Barnhart. It is a 4-disc series that was produced in 2012. It is an archaeological, historical and geographic series that explores such historical facts and subjects such as South America's earliest people, the first cities of Peru and the Inca culture and civilization.

Lost Worlds of South America is a series that is currently running and has 1 seasons (24 episodes). The series first aired on November 20, 2012.

Where to Watch Lost Worlds of South America

Lost Worlds of South America is available for streaming on the The Great Courses website, both individual episodes and full seasons. You can also watch Lost Worlds of South America on demand at Apple TV+, Amazon Prime, Amazon and Hoopla.

  • Premiere Date
    November 20, 2012