Milestones in Science & Engineering

An interesting short documentary series, Milestones in Science & Engineering, provides a look at topics of science and engineering, from concept to present day form or application. Viewers’ interest is held with re-enactments of scientists and engineers conducting experiments in the working environment of the era.

The easy to understand material is presented in a factual, non-technical manner for adults and children alike. The series brings to life the wonders of science and engineering right before one's eyes, instead of a mundane, technically orientated book of formulas and terminology. This is a program the whole family can enjoy together.

1 Season, 18 Episodes
January 1, 1990
Milestones in Science & Engineering

Milestones in Science & Engineering Full Episode Guide

  • Otto von Guericke developed the barometer, an instrument for measuring air pressure, and used it for weather forecasts. The experiments carried out by von Guericke were based on his ability to produce for the first time a sphere without air ? a vacuum.

  • Gutenberg took a text and dissected it into its components: into letters, punctuation marks and frequently recurring combinations of letters, so-called ligatures. These were combined as single characters into words, lines and pages.

  • Until the beginning of the modern age around 1500 many people were unable to do even elementary sums. The man who was to change all this, by making the art of arithmetic understandable to the common people, was Adam Ries.

  • On June 4th 1783, the Montgolfier brothers demonstrated to the public in Annonay how one could make a balloon fly by means of hot air provided by fire. The physicist Jacques Alexandre Charles tried to send up a balloon with the aid of hydrogen.

  • Igor Sikorsky had been pursuing a dream: the construction of a helicopter In 1941 he succeeded in constructing the first precursor of a helicopter based on the principle still used today.

  • For a long time, electricity was regarded as a force of nature over which we had no control. We owe it above all to Michael Faraday that electric motors became widespread in industry within the space of a few decades.

  • It was only in the mid-19th century that the British scientists James Prescott Joule and William Thomson conducted thermodynamic investigations which produced satisfactory answers to these questions.

  • With his exact observations, the American astronomer Edwin Powell Hubble created important foundations for modern astronomy. The Hubble Space Telescope :since 1990 it has been providing images giving important insights into the origin of the universe.

  • It is one of the landmarks of New York and often regarded as the 8th wonder of the world. For almost half a century it was, with its 381 metres, the highest building in the world: the Empire State Building.

  • The London Underground is the oldest in the world.Marc Isambard Brunel devised a system of tunneling using a so-called shielding machine. This was then further developed by the engineer Peter William Barlow.

  • 632 years lie between the beginning of the building of the cathedral and its completion in 1880. Since 1996 the colossus on the Rhine has been a World Heritage Site.

  • Wilhelm Ostwald recognized the enormous importance of catalysis for industry and studied its chemical principles. He discovered that a catalyst is a substance which accelerates a chemical reaction without being changed by it.

  • Quantum mechanics, a theory created by physicists to explain phenomena of a nuclear nature, was introduced into chemistry by Linus Pauling. With this theoretical tool at his disposal he was able to explain chemical bonding in physical terms.

  • It was Paul Ehrlich who discovered the effect of antibodies and used it to develop an effective serum against diphtheria. Andwhen Elie Metchnikoff published his phagocyte theory, the main components of the immune system had been identified.

  • Life-saving blood transfusions were made possible through the work of Viennese physician Karl Landsteiner.In doing so he discovered the AB0 blood group system and its immunological basis.

  • This film documents the influence of the two pioneers of bacteriology, Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch.

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